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What is Disinfectant? – Definition, Types, Other, And More

Definition Disinfectant

A disinfectant chemical agent is used mainly on hard surfaces and in water (such as drinking water or wastewater) to destroy or inactivate pathogens (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) or reduce their concentration considerably.

Types of Disinfectants

Several major categories of disinfectants are used in the maintenance of commercial and industrial facilities. Below are some of the more common types. While not a complete list, these cover the vast majority in use today. For more detailed information on the experts and cons of these types of disinfectants, see Nyco’s 101 Liquid Disinfectant Table.

In particular, when experts first identify a pathogen such as SARS-CoV-2 that causes COVID-19, it classified as an “emerging pathogen.” The EPA only allows certain disinfectants to labeled as effective against emerging pathogens. Nyco has several disinfectants with this particular claim. Read the label on your disinfectant to see if it contains the emerging pathogen statement.

Hydrogen Peroxide

As a ready-to-disinfectant, hydrogen peroxide products considered safe, environmentally friendly, and environmentally friendly. Because they break down into the natural elements of water and oxygen. H2O2 disinfectants tend to kill a wide range of bacteria and viruses quickly, are mildly acidic, and clean effectively. Some RTU products like Nyco HPX Hydrogen Peroxide Disinfectant Cleaners remove SARS-CoV-2 in just one minute. However, users should be careful with concentrated hydrogen peroxide as it can be unstable and dangerous.

Chlorinated Compounds

It kills many organisms, including resistant viruses, and highly recommended for purifying body fluids. Chlorine-based disinfectants are inexpensive and have relatively short elimination times; however, they can be corrosive, discolor and irritate if not used according to instructions.


Very effective against bacteria that cause tuberculosis but requires a high ratio of parts per million (ppm) to effectively disinfection. Some bacteria have developed resistance to aldehydes and can cause asthma and other health problems.


They can disinfect some semi-critical medical devices, but they can discolor surfaces and give off an unpleasant odor (think iodine). Idophores no longer often used in plant care.


The polyaminopropyl biguanide biguanide polymer is specifically bactericidal at low concentrations (10 mg / L). It has a unique mode of action: the polymer strands are embedded in the bacterial cell wall, which ruptures the membrane and reduces its permeability, which is fatal for bacteria. So It also known to bind to bacterial DNA, altering its transcription and causing lethal DNA damage. It has very little toxicity to higher organisms such as human cells, with more complex and protective membranes.

Also Read: Health Vegetable Drinks – About, How to Choose?, Benefits and More

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