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What is Diabetes? – Types, Symptoms, and More


What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a problem of assimilation, use, and storage of sugars supported by food. It results in high blood glucose (also called blood sugar) – this is called hyperglycemia.

Diabetes mellitus, generally known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes blood sugar levels to rise. The hormone insulin takes the place of the blood in cells to store it or use it for energy. If ignored due to diabetes, high blood sugar levels damage the nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.

Types of Diabetes

There are different types:

Symptoms of Diabetes

General, Type 1 and Type 2 Symptoms

Symptoms in men – Men prevent low libido, erectile dysfunction (ED), and low muscle strength.
Symptoms in women – Women can also experience urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and dry, itchy skin.
It can also lead to recurring infections. It is because glucose levels are high, making it difficult for the body to heal.
Gestational Diabetes – Most women with gestational have no symptoms. Check the condition by a routine blood sugar test or oral glucose tolerance test that is generally effective between weeks 24 and 28 of gestation. A woman with gestational also experiences a build-up of thirst or urination.

Complications of Diabetes

High blood sugar damages organs and tissues throughout the body. The higher your blood sugar level and the longer you live with it, the greater the risk of complications.

Complications connected with it comprise:

The mother may develop complications such as high blood pressure (pre-eclampsia) or type 2. She may also require a cesarean delivery, commonly called a cesarean section. It also increases the risk of gestational diabetes for the mother in future pregnancies.

Also Read: Acne – Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and More

Diabetes Treatment

Doctors treat it with a few different medications. Few medications are oral, while others are available as injections.

Diabetes type 1

Insulin is the major treatment for type 1. It replaces the hormone that your body cannot make.

There are four types of insulin. They differ in the speed with which they begin to act and the duration of their effects:

Diabetes type 2

Diet and exercise help some people control type 2. If changes are not enough to lower blood sugar, you need to take medicine.

Gestational Diabetes

You will need to check your blood sugar level several times a day during pregnancy. If it is high, follow changes in diet and exercise.

Diabetes Prevention

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