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Migraine – Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and More


Migraine Definition

Migraine is a pain that causes a violent throbbing headache or a throbbing sensation, usually on one side of the head, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.

Causes of Migraine

Symptoms of Migraine

Migraines, which affect children, adolescents, and adults, can progress in four stages: prodrome, aura, attack, and postdrome.

  1. Constipation
  2. Mood swings, from depression to euphoria
  3. Food cravings
  4. Neck stiffness
  5. Increased urination
  6. Water retention
  7. Sensitivity to light, sound, and to smell and touch
  8. Frequent yawning
  9. Visual phenomena, such as seeing various shapes, points of light, or flashes of light
  10. Vision loss
  11. Tingling sensation in an arm or leg.
  12. Weakness or numbness of the face or one side of the body
  13. Difficulty speaking
  14. Pain is on one side of the head, but often on both sides.
  15. Throbbing or stabbing pain
  16. Nausea and vomiting
  17. Post-drome

Diagnosis of Migraine

Migraines often go undiagnosed and go untreated. If you regularly have migraine signs and symptoms, record your attacks and how you have treated them.

Even if you have a history of headaches, see your doctor if the pattern changes or if your headache suddenly feels different.

A migraine episode is different from a non-migraine headache. An attack usually occurs in stages and can last for several days. It can affect a person’s daily life, including their ability to work or study. They may be due to changes in the brain that affect:

Treatment of Migraine

There is no cure for migraines. However, medications can treat symptoms as they arise and reduce the frequency and severity of episodes.

Pain relievers and other types of medications can often help. Taking medications as soon as symptoms begin can prevent them from getting worse.

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